Paying Off Debt as a Couple
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Are you two dealing with debt? Learn how you can approach it so you're fighting the debt and not each other.
Note: This is a question I received from a reader and he kindly agreed to let me share his situation along with my response. (some details have been adjusted for privacy).
Which Order Should Debt Be Paid?
I am a 20-something-year-old small business owner with some uneven financial history.
I am at the stage in my life where I have to buckle down and fix my credit, get out of debt, and build a solid financial future with my fiancee.
My fiancee recently got a job and so we will have a consistent income for the first time in 2 years.
We would like to take this opportunity to get out of debt.
We are getting married this summer (small debt free wedding) and I am trying to figure out should we eliminate our debts together? Or should we pick one person to get debt free and raise their credit then attack the other persons debts?
– I have a higher credit score (high 500s) but more debts ($12000)
– She has a lower credit score (low 500s) but less debts ($9000)
We can put a little over $600/month towards our debts for the next 24 months which will get either of us out of debt, but not both.
If we apply it across the board we will both have less negative accounts on our credit scores but will both still be in debt. We can of course keep paying off the debts.
Paying Off Debt Together
I think it's great that the two of them have decided to work together on their finances and allocated $600/month to pay it down.
It sounds simple, but family finances can be incredibly hard if the two of you aren't on the same page.
My response was basically that getting rid of both of their debts is important for financial and relationship reasons.
Financial Reasons for Paying Down Debt as a Couple
When we went to compare mortgage rates, the loan officer told us that they look at the lowest score between the two of us to determine the rates they'll offer.
If these two are seeking to build their credit scores for a future purchase, like a mortgage, then increasing both of your scores is key.
What's great with their plan of paying off the debt is that while they lowering the balances, they are in effect raising their credit score in more than one way. How?
Let's look at how credit scores are calculated:
- 35% Payment History
- 30% Amount Owed
- 15% Length of Credit History
- 10% New Credit
- 10% Types of Credit
Being consistent with their debt snowball can help them improve their credit history and reduce the amount they owe. That's 65% of their credit score.
If you're looking for some tips on how we cut down on our debts, our system was basically:
- Learn the Exact Amount of Your Debt
- Set Up a Realistic Payment Plan
- Track Your Progress
- Refine and Increase Your Payments
Here's a link to my debt reduction guide for more details.
I would also add tapping into resources like personal blogs to find how one can further reduce their monthly expenses.
A great one that I read regularly is Mr. Money Mustache.
Regular readers will probably remember the 50/50 challenge I ran last fall that shared tips on how to earn more and save more.
Personal Reasons for Paying Down Debt as a Couple
Working together on both of their accounts would also be beneficial for the relationship.
It reinforces the idea that they are a team and both of them deserve attention. Of course, only those two know what is best for them.
Best wishes to both of them!
Thoughts on Paying Off Debt Together
I'd love to hear your ideas on this situation. What do you think these two can do to speed up the process?
This post was originally published in July 2016. It has been updated in October 2019.
I would probably divide the payments 50/50.
I’m no financial expert, but I would probably pay slightly more (75/25 or so) toward the larger debt, while still paying down the smaller debt, until they reach equal value. Then I would pay the same amount towards both debts until it’s all gone! That way, each person’s credit score would still be improving because you are still making regular payments. Whatever they decide, it’s great to see a couple being so open about money and trying to tackle it as a team! Congrats on the wedding
Thanks for sharing the suggestion!
Great advice! Definitely paying down both 50/50 will get them where they want to be. Any positive adjustment to their credit-to-debt ratio overall will be a huge step in the right direction for both.